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Learn more about the Croatian language
The oldest texts in Croatian date from the 11th century and were written in the Glagolitic script, mainly in Croatia. The oldest text in the Latin alphabet dates from 1345. The Glagolitic alphabet was eventually replaced by the Latin alphabet in Croatia.
Until the mid-nineteenth century there was no standard written form of Croatian, but there was a lot of literature in different dialects.
The Croatian Latin alphabet was invented in 1835 by Ljudevit Gaj, a Croatian linguist, based on the Czech and Polish alphabets. Today, this alphabet is used in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. Variations of this alphabet are used for Slovenian and Macedonian.
Croatian contains many words of Latin and German origin. Many Croatian neologisms are created by combining and adapting existing words.
Croatian is closely related to and is mutually intelligible with Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin.