Serbian language

Serbian (cpпcки jeзик, srpski jezik) belongs to the South Slavic group of the Indo-European language family. After the break-up of Yugoslavia, Serbo-Croat, defined as the common language of Serbs, Croats, Bosnians and Montenegrins, was officially divided into three mutually intelligible languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian.

Although the term "Serbo-Croatian" is no longer used, it remains controversial due to its historical, cultural and political connotations and the lack of agreement on the definition of what is meant by "language". It could be said that these languages are largely the result of political rather than linguistic decisions.

The eastern part of Yugoslavia, i.e. Serbia, Montenegro and parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was religiously and culturally distinct from the western part of the country, i.e. Croatia and other parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serbia was under the Ottoman Empire, while Croatia was under Austro-Hungarian rule.

Serbian and Croatian merged into one language in the 19th century, in an the attempt to create an independent Slavic state.

Although Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian differ in several respects, these differences do not prevent their speakers from understanding each other. In fact, they are not as great as the differences within the languages themselves. This is not surprising, since the continuous migrations of Slavic populations during the five hundred years of Turkish rule produced a mosaic of local dialects that go beyond the recently established national borders.

Who speaks Serbian

There are 6.6 million speakers of Serbian in Serbia. Serbian is also spoken in Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in Macedonia, Albania, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, the United Arab Emirates, Greece, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, etc. There are an estimated 8.6 million speakers of Serbian worldwide.

Standard Serbian, based on Shtokavian pronunciation, was the official language of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is used in official areas, at all educational levels, in the media and in all areas of social, cultural and private life.

Dialects of Serbian

The dialects of Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian share certain characteristics. The main dialectal difference is based on the pronunciation of the initial consonant in the word "what".

Shtokavian, in turn, has three variants, based on three different pronunciations of the current vowels that replaced the common Slavic long vowel [æ], known as 'jat'.

Translation agency for Spanish-English-Serbian

Now that you know a little more about the Serbian language, you might be interested to know that we offer professional translation services from both English to Serbian and from Serbian into English. We specialise in translation from and into Spanish.

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