Swedish language

Swedish (Svenska) belongs to the Eastern Scandinavian group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is mainly spoken in Sweden, but is also spoken in Canada, Estonia, Finland, Norway, the United Arab Emirates and the United States. The world's population of Swedish speakers is estimated at about 9.2 million people.

Swedish is closely related to Norwegian and Danish. The three languages evolved from Old Norse, a language spoken in the territories of Scandinavia that are now Norway, Denmark and Sweden. To this day, Danes, Norwegians and Swedes can understand each other without the need for an interpreter.

Despite the high degree of mutual intelligibility, it would not be appropriate to say that these languages are dialects, because the Danes, the Norwegians and the Swedes see these languages as official languages standardized in their respective countries, with differentiated standards of writing and pronunciation.

Speakers of Swedish

Swedish is the de facto national language in Sweden, where it is spoken by 8.8 million people.  It is the main language for most Swedish citizens.

In Finland, both Swedish and Finnish are official languages. Swedish is a compulsory subject in all Finnish schools.

European Union
Swedish is one of the official languages of the European Union.

Dialects of Swedish

Swedish is generally divided into three dialectal zones:

  • North Swedish (Norrland)
  • East Swedish (Finnish Swedish, Estonian Swedish)
  • Svea, Gutniska (Gutamal, Gotlandic, Gutnic)

Standard Swedish is based on the Svea variety spoken in Stockholm, Uppsala, Lund, Gothenburg and Helsinki. The organisation that ensures its spread is the Svenska språknämnden, the official Swedish language council, which monitors the language rules.

Translation agency for Spanish-English-Swedish

Now that you know a little more about the Swedish language, you might be interested to know that we offer professional translation services from both English to Swedish and from Swedish into English. We specialise in translation from and into Spanish.

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